Marine fish, Freshwater fish - Which is rich in nutrient?

The nutrition of the fish depends on the type of fish. Let’s first look at the nutrients in fish.





Tooth and bone formation, nerve transmission, muscle contraction

Milk and other dairy products, bean curd, dark green vegetables


Bone development, transfer of energy in the cells

Most foods


Nerve transmission, muscle contraction

Meat, dairy products, salt


Formation of hydrochloric acid



Regulation of heartbeat, maintenance of water balance, nerve transmission

Fruits (especially bananas)


The catalyst for ATP formation

Nuts, grains, dark green vegetables, seafood, chocolate


Thyroid activity

Seafood, iodized salt


Hemoglobin formation

Meat, dark green vegetables, dried fruits

Mineral amount in Fish: -

Sodium: -

Picture: Red Pomfret

  • Sodium levels in the flesh of a 100 g edible marine fish range from 155.7 mg to 346.4 mg.
  • Sodium in freshwater fish ranges from 48.2 mg to 124.8 mg.
Calcium: -

Picture: Red snapper

  • Calcium in marine fish ranges from 89.0 mg to 376.5 mg.
  • Calcium in freshwater fish ranges from 4.4 mg to 233.0 mg.

The ratio of calcium and sodium in marine fish is higher than in freshwater fish.

Potassium: -

Picture: Snakehead fish

  • Potassium in freshwater fish ranges from 228.4 mg to 500.8 mg.
  • It ranges from 180.0 mg to 260.6 mg in marine fish.
The ratio of potassium in freshwater fish is higher than in marine fish.

Other Minerals: -

Picture: Climbing Perch

In the case of magnesium, iron, and zinc, the values are not very different between freshwater and marine fish. However, in the case of some freshwater fish, there was little variation in the values with some marine fish.

Magnesium: -

Magnesium in freshwater fish is 1.80 mg to 53.06 mg and in marine fish, it is 31.2 to 40.7 mg.

Zinc: -

Zinc is 0.21 to 4.53 mg in marine fish and 0.74 to 2.25 mg in freshwater fish.

Fish Oil:-

  • Fish oil is oil obtained from the tissues of oily fish.
  • Fish oils contain omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).
  • Studies have shown that pelagic fish contain more fish oil than fish that live in the deep sea or lakes.
  • These are called pelagic fish species.
  • Pelagic fishes are species that live away from the bottom of the oceans or lakes.
  • This water is called the pelagic zone, which is away from the shore at the bottom of the ocean or lake.
  • Pelagic varieties contain the highest levels of EPA and DHA.

Omega-3 fatty acids: -
  • One of the most important nutrients is omega-3.
  • Omega 3 is a type of polyunsaturated fat.
  • They play an important role in the functioning and health of various parts and processes in the human body.
  • These include, in particular, brain health and heart health.
  • In fact, a significant proportion of brain and heart tissue contains omega-3.
  • Protects your immune system.
  • This is important for many more health benefits.
  • Fatty acids include alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), ecosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and tocosahexaenoic acid (DHA).
Omega-3 benefits:
  • Omega3 lower cholesterol
  • Omega3 reduce blood pressure
  • Omega3 reduces the risk of heart diseases
  • Omega3 help to prevent diabetes
  • Omega3 soothe the symptoms of rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Omega3 protect your brain
  • Omega3 keep your skin healthy
  • Omega3 are great for your eyes
  • Omega3 help to prevent cancer
  • Omega3 reduce the symptoms of PMS

Types of fish high in omega-3 fatty acids: -




Indian Mackerel



These types of fish contain far more omega-3 fatty acids than freshwater fish (except catfish).

Reasons why marine fish have more omega 3s than freshwater fish: -

Marine fish get more omega 3 fatty acids than freshwater fish by eating marine small fish, oysters, shrimp, seaweed, and other small fish.

Nutritional Differences: -

Picture: Tilapia
  • Freshwater fish and saltwater fish are very similar when it comes to their nutritional content.
  • However, there may be a small additional benefit from freshwater fish.
  • Marine fish do not absorb the surrounding sodium from the water.
  • Lake fish are generally higher in calcium and monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids than marine fish.
  • For fresh and saltwater fish, freshwater species are high in vitamin A and folate.

Mercury Differences: -

Picture: Red snapper

  • Few freshwater fish particularly cold-water fish contain healthy omega-3 fatty acids, as like marine fish.

  • Many lakes, rivers, and some seafood are high in contaminants, such as dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls, which are found in fish meat.

Many people have questions about the level of mercury in freshwater fish.
  • Freshwater contains more mercury than saltwater, so it is natural to assume that freshwater fish contain more mercury. But it is not like that. 
  • In freshwater, mercury is deposited on decomposed plants and animals. Sunlight breaks them easily. So even though water has some mercury content, it will not be present in fish.
Thorns: -

  • Marine fish have large spines.
  • Marine fish are less thorny and easier to eat.
Picture: Tilapia skeleton

Freshwater fish have a lot of small spines. (Except for the sardine) Patiently remove the thorns and eat them.

Both Marine fish and freshwater fish contain many important nutrients.

  • Eating fish is much healthier than eating mutton, beef, and chicken.
  • Can be eaten by all ages. Also, fish contains more protein, omega 3 fatty acids, and lots of minerals than other meats.

Durian fruit medicinal properties

There is so much controversy over Durian fruit in the farm auction run by the Tamil Nadu government every time. Durian fruit is the world's smelliest fruit and has a taste so sweet. This fruit is banned in many countries to sell and eat in public places due to its strong smell.

  • Originally in 1580, the name "Durian" is derived from the Malay word Duri(meaning "thorn"). The species name 'zibethinus' derives from the name of the civet (Viverra zibetha), known for its odor.
  • Durian is an edible fruit of the genus Durio. There are 30 recognized Duri species. Out of that, at least nine produce edible fruits. As of 1987, there are more than 300 listed varieties in Thailand and more than 100 in Malaysia. The only species available on the international market is the Durio Zybetinus. Other species are sold in their local areas. It is native to Borneo and Sumatra islands Indonesia.
  • Durian fruit is popular in Southeast Asia, where it has been nicknamed the "King of Fruits". The nutrients of durian fruit are higher than other fruits. Durian fruit has a naturally sweet taste.
  • Durian grows in tropical areas around the world, especially in Southeast Asian countries such as Malaysia, Indonesia, and Thailand.
  • The durian fruit can grow up to 1 foot (30 cm) long and 6 inches (15 cm) wide. Usually weighs 1 to 3 kilograms.
  • Durian fruit is rich in calcium, manganese, carotene, fat, iron, riboflavin, carbohydrates, copper, folic acid, vitamin C, fiber, zinc, niacin, protein, phosphorus, potassium, and magnesium.
  • Raw durian is 65% water, 27% carbohydrates, 5% fat, and 1% protein. 100 g, raw or fresh frozen durian provides a moderate content of 33% of the daily value of thiamine and other B vitamins, vitamin C, and the dietary mineral manganese. Different types of durian are produced from Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia. They contain 16-29% of carbohydrate, 2-5% of fat , 2-4% of protein , 1-4% of dietary fiber, and caloric value of -185 kcal per 100 g. The fatty acid composition of durian flesh is especially rich in oleic acid and palmitic acid.

Medicinal properties

  • The body is weakened by malnutrition and bad habits such as alcohol and smoking. For this, if they eat durian fruit twice a week, their body will get stronger. Increasing immunity.
  • Durian fruit juice prevents the spread of breast cancer cells. Durian fruit prevents heart disease. Fights infection.
  • Excess cholesterol builds up in the blood, causing blood clots and contaminating the blood. This fruit dissolves the fat and converts it into calories. It cleanses the blood and protects against heart-related diseases.
  • Men are less prone to infertility due to low sperm count. Durian fruit is capable of increasing the amount of sperm. So if you eat durian fruit, masculinity will increase.
  • Durian fruit can cure constipation. Stimulates digestive energy and causes a good appetite. Strengthens the optic nerves of the eyes. Protects the skin and brightens the skin.
  • Uncooked durian seeds are toxic due to cyclopropane fatty acids and should not be consumed. The young leaves and shoots of durian are occasionally cooked for a meal.
  • Petals of durian flowers are eaten in the province of North Sumatra in Indonesia and Sarawak in Malaysia. At the same time in the Moluccas islands, the husk of the durian fruit is used for smoking fish. The nectar and pollen of the durian flower that bees collect is an important source of honey.

Well, if you ask me why there is violence during this fruit auction in the state of Tamil Nadu, just for money.  If they win in the auction, "What they put is the price, what they put is the law".

Magi Noodles - Specialty of PR Crisis Management

What were the specialties of a Nestle Company PR Crisis Management, when Maggie Noodles was banned in India from 2015 to 2016?

Until 2014, Nestle controlled 75-80 percent of the noodle market in India. In 2014, the Gorakhpur Laboratory charged Nestle with three major reasons: 
1. Noodles having 17ppm of lead instead of the allowed limit of 2.5ppm. 
2. Maggie Noodles had "No added MSG (monosodium glutamate1)" printed on their pocket, which the study found to be false information. 
3. The new product, Maggi Oats Masala, does not follow any standardization rules.

First, Nestle denied the allegations and appeared in court. In June 2015, the Delhi government banned Magi due to too much lead. After that, it was banned in Tamil Nadu. Then banned across India. Nestle did not expect such a disaster. Its stock market shares fell down. The trust that people had in it for 30 years collapsed. On matrimony sites, many girls used to update the profile that they know how to cook Maggie! Many who had those profiles got shocked. Many people started to protest against the ban. This includes married husbands also! Then Mumbai high court lifted the ban in 2016. In the intervening year, disaster management, done by Nestle, is a lesson in many business schools today.

So what did Nestle do? Nestle brought Suresh Narayanan to India, who was the head of the Nestle for Egypt and Philippines division. He had excellent skills in disaster management. On day two, 35,000 tons of Maggi noodles were removed from all stores and destroyed. They sought the help of public relations firm called APCO Worldwide. This is because Nestle's branding among the masses has become something to start from zero again. They worked as a separate team to clarify the doubts of customers who were deeply confused, to keep an eye on those who put rumors on Twitter and Facebook on social media.

 "The only way to put out a social media fire is with social media water!" 
        - Ramon DeLeon, Marketing Mind at Domino’s Pizza

Maggie's ads on TV were modified. In the advertisements for drinks like Complan, Horlicks, the mother of the child will always be sad and say "my son/daughter has never grown-up" and consult a doctor. The doctor prescribes the brand. Advertisers know better, so they will never use father for any of the advertisements. Mothers are the ones who have the decision-making power in any family on "Which grocery item should enter their kitchen?".  So in order to stimulate their feeling, there will be advertising tactics. 

They divided their ads into three types: 
Before banning: In a family, only the mother knows what is good and which is worse? what do they need? Maggie is part of the family. Maggie is just like how her kids are so important. 

When banned: "I miss you so much!" Scenes like Bachelors and children screaming. Maggie is a promising ingredient! Mom and grandma confessing scenes. It is the same scene as Woodwards grape water.

When the ban was lifted: Children, moms, bachelor, hostel students, everything seemed to welcome Maggie back. This is called Mob Mentality. What is visible more is what people want! 

Goats do not feel like goats until they leave the flock. During the Prohibition period, Nestl's competitors, especially ITC, Yippy Noodles captured a small market. If you ask me, I would say that Nestl's competitors are not much worth enough. What a precious opportunity! They should have worked out a lot. Who would buy if they name like Yippy? In the one year since the ban was lifted, Nestl has regained 65% of its market share. Maggie is now available all over India. Men are happy, women are double happy.

Different varieties of rice


There are thousands of varieties of rice available in the world. All of these have not really been identified. 


Oryza sativa has grown in different parts of Asia between 8200 and 13500 years. Oryza glaberrima, which originated in Mali, Africa between 2,000 and 3000 years ago. Generally, these are the two different types of rice. The most widespread species in the world today is the Oryza sativa. This species can be further subdivided into three subdivisions. They are Oryza sativa Japonica, Orissa Sativa Javanica and Orissa sativa Indica. They all came from the same plant that grew on the banks of the Pearl River in China over a period of 13500 years. Oryza rufipogon, the mother plant of the genus Oryza Sativa, is still found in China.

Japonica and its subdivision Sinica are sticky short grains. Growing in drylands. Indica is cultivated in highlands and slightly cooler lands. Most of the Indica long-grain stalks are submerged in water. Cultivated in the lowlands of tropical Asia.

Some scientists classify Sativa as japonica, indica, glutinous, aromatica.

The African genus Oryza glaberrima is found only in West Africa. Glaberrima yields are low, rice is easy to shorten, but is resistant to insects and worms. Oryza barthii, is the original wild species of Globerima. It still grows in the forests of West Africa. Now they have mixed African rice and Indica to form new rice called New Africa.

There are more than 20 wildlife species in Oryza, but what we refer to as the Wild Rice is a completely different wild grass species, Zizania.

Oryza sativa

Oryza glaberrima

Black rice

Called black, but its true color is purple. Its purple color is due to a number of powerful antioxidants, such as anthocyanins. This is why it is said to be the number one rice in the world. Anthocyanins, also found in blueberries and blackberries, can remove free radicals that cause heart disease, diabetes, and cancer. Reduces allergic reactions. Black rice contains six times more antioxidants than any other food grain. When viewed as a type of rice, only black rice contains these. Its main anti-inflammatory chemical, C3G, is a natural remedy for arthritis, diabetes, and heart disease.

Black rice is rich in vitamins, fiber, and minerals. Also makes you feel full when you eat it, which is ideal for weight loss. Working against insulin rejection is a natural defense against diabetes and obesity.

Wild Rice

In botanical terms, we cannot call this rice. It's a grass type. Wild rice contains proteins, manganese, magnesium, zinc, and phosphorus, which are good for strengthening muscle, bones, and ligament joints. Contains 30% fewer calories than brown rice. Contains more than 40% protein. Wild rice is the best food to keep control of the sugar level in the body. Substituting white rice with wild rice in the diet immediately reduces insulin rejection and lowers triglyceride levels. It is rich in magnesium, fiber, and other minerals which help the cataract to handle this glucose control mechanism effectively. Don't worry about obesity as it is low in calories

Brown Rice

It does not take much time to thresh the paddy so the brown rice keeps its bran intact. There are four types of brown rice. They are short, medium, long, and light brown. All brown rice has the same nutrition. However, their cooking time varies. Brown rice contains 4 times more magnesium than white rice. It also contains thiamine, zinc, and iron. Magnesium is important for the heart, bone, muscle, and brain. It is also more suitable for diabetics than white rice as it is faster to absorb in the body than white rice. It provides 88% of our daily manganese requirement and also helps in the production of collagen, healthy skin, joints, and ligaments.

Red Rice

Red rice contains anthocyanin-like antioxidants, although not as much as black rice. It is a guard against allergies, inflammation, and cancer. Controls premenstrual pain called PMS in women. It is also an ideal food for diabetics. The Chinese distill a liquid called Xuezhikang from red rice. It contains Monacolin K. Like lovastatin, it works to control LDL (bad) cholesterol.

Basmati Rice

Basmati rice is preferred by people with intestinal problems due to its tenderness. There are also niacin and thiamine. Athletes like it in their diet because of its high-quality carbohydrates

Jasmine rice

Unlike plain white rice, it contains niacin and iron.

Arborio rice

Arborio rice is grown only in Italy. This rice is the reason behind risotto foods creamy and delicious. Not too many nutrients in this rice. Not ideal for diabetics

White rice

Nothing special to say. Not ideal for diabetics

Glutinous sticky rice

Glutinous rice is low quality than white rice and is used for preparing DESSERT in Chinese restaurants.

Cauliflower rice

Cauliflower can be eaten like tice. It is also available in stores. Very rich in nutrients. But since it is actually not rice.

Benefits of adding coconut in your daily diet

Benefits of eating coconut

Coconut is one of the most important items we use during the Puja. Such coconut has full of various medicinal properties. Coconut is used not only for medicine but also as an excellent food item in our cuisine.

Coconut is used as a staple food in natural medicine. Coconut is high in monolaurin, which boosts the immune system, helps reduce cholesterol.

Coconut is very useful to cool down body heat. Coconut milk is the best medicine to cure stomach ulcers. People with mouth sores will heal faster if they drink coconut milk.

Coconut contains protein, starch, calcium, phosphorus, minerals including iron, vitamin C, all types of B complex nutrients, and all the nutrients the body needs.

Since pure coconut oil is rich in protein, rubbing coconut oil on the scalp once a week and soaking for a while, and taking bath will increase hair growth. It will remove dandruff. The body heat cools down. Hair loss will stop.

Medicinal uses of coconut

Fatty acid in coconut dissolves bad fats in the body.

  • Coconut milk can be added to the diet frequently to lose weight.
  • Coconut is also rich in protein, which is similar to the protein in breast milk.
  • Apply coconut oil on the fire burnt skin to heal quickly.
  • Coconut oil is used for hair growth, repairing dry hair, and moisturizing the scalp.
  • Coconut oil acts as a medicine for mosquito and insect bites
  • Coconut milk is good for physical strength.
  • Coconut milk is alkaline and is used to treat stomach ulcers caused by high acidity.
  • Coconut milk is full of all the nutrients that babies need. Dry cough can be cured quickly by mixing poppy seeds, milk, and honey in coconut milk.
  • Coconut oil works as an excellent tonic for hair growth.
  • Coconut oil is easily digestible.
  • Coconut is an excellent remedy for stomach ulcers and intestinal problems.

Medicinal Benefits of Agathi leaves/Sesbania grandiflora

Sesbania grandiflora, also known as Agathi Keerai or the vegetable hummingbird, is a small loosely branching tree belonging to the family Fabaceae and genus Sesbania. All parts of the Sesbania grandiflora tree are used for its indispensable medicinal properties in traditional Ayurvedic medicines.

Agathi, a genus of plants. It grows in gardens, especially on waterlogged lands. There are two varieties of agathi leaves. One variety has white flowers and the other one has red flowers called red august tree leaves. The common variety is white flower august tree leaves. The taste of agathi leaves is bitter but has a bunch of healthy values.

It is slightly salty and cold. It should not be eaten during other medications. This is because the dosage of the drugs will be reduced and the medicinal capacity will be destroyed.

Squeeze the agathi leaves and take the extract.  Apply two drops of its extract on the nose to cure the fever. Apply Agathi leaf extract on the forehead and lightly warm the forehead to get rid of severe headaches.

Agathi is rich in Calcium, vitamin A. Mothers who do not secrete enough milk can eat agathi frequently. It helps to secret milk. 

The agathi should be cooked well and eaten. It has the power to expel worms from the stomach. Eliminates constipation.

If children have a cold, mix the 5:1 ratio of the agathi juice and honey and feed them.

It is gaseous. Therefore, people with gastrointestinal disorders should not eat these greens.

Frequent addition of these greens to the diet can lead to spoiling blood in the body. Rash and scabies may appear. Decreased blood flow can lead to anemia. Abdominal pain and diarrhea may occur.

Medicinal properties of Leucas Flower(Thumbai Flower)

We would have seen the Leucus plant many times in the villages without knowing its medicinal benefits. Let's see its benefits.

1. Grind the leucas flower with cow's milk and eat to stop the hiccups.

2. Grind the leucas leaves with peppercorn and eat. Also, apply to the body to expel toxins. 

3. Grind the leucus leaf with scorpion leaf(Heliotropium Indicum or Sensitive plant) and apply to bite part to get rid of scorpion venom.

4. Grind the root of leucus with the root of catunaregam spinos(Randia Dumetorum) and apply it to the body. After 10 minutes take a bath to reduce body heat quickly.

5. Grind leucus flower with bracteate birth wort seeds and drink with milk daily to increase masculinity. 

6. Grind cumin seeds with any one of the leucus juice, mukia maderaspatana juice, centella asiatica juice and eat daily to cure weakness of the heart. The fatigue after the fever will be resolved. It increases appetite. Jaundice, Bile dizziness, and vomiting will be cured. It increases memory.

7. Take 200 ml of leucus juice, 100 ml of onion juice, 150 ml of cow ghee, and 150 ml of castor oil and boil them. Once cool down, distill this mixture and give a quarter teaspoon to the kids. This will cure vomiting, diarrhea, constipation. It makes them active. Insects in the stomach are expelled. The body warms up and the baby grows healthy.

8. Drink leucus juice mixed with buttermilk to eliminate indigestion, diarrhea, sluggishness.

9. Grind leucus flower with thorn apple flower and mix it with beech oil. Filter the oil once they mixed well. Use this oil as an ear drop to cure ear infections, ear abscesses, and ear noise

10. Grind leucus flower with hing and mix it with mustard oil and heat. Filter the oil once cools down. Use this oil as an ear drop to cure ear decay.

11. Mix leucus juice with honey and heat. Cooldown and give it child to get rid of pus.

12. Mix 200 ml of leucus juice, 100 ml of Donkey urine, 200 ml of Ghee together and bring to boil until becomes wax consistency. Apply this wax on the sore to cure quickly.

13. Mix 10 ml of leucus leaf juice, 10 ml of lemon juice, 5 ml of onion juice, 5 ml of any oil, and drink in the morning on an empty stomach. This will cure menorrhagia. 

14. Take an equal amount of leucus leaf with pergularia daemia leaf and grind them. Take 10g of this powder with cow milk to remove the health issues caused by the menstrual cycle.

15. Boil goat's milk mixed with leucus flower. Drinking this milk in the morning on an empty stomach for forty days continuously will cure diseases related to the uterus.

16. Grind leucus flower with pepper and apply it to the forehead to get rid of headaches, dizziness, and dehydration.

17. Take an equal amount of leucus leaf juice with fruit juice and drink to get rid of gas trouble.

18. Take a little bit of leucus root powder daily to cure the halving tumor. 

19. Snakebite poison can be removed by dropping leucus juice into the eyes, ears, and nose and drinking a little bit of juice.

20. Mixing leucus juice with milk and drinking will cure hemorrhage, diarrhea, and hemorrhoids.

21. Grind the leucus leaf and eat and apply it to the insect bite part to cure. Psoriasis and itching caused by insect bites will disappear.

22. Grind leucus leaf, Indigofera tinctoria leaf, and pepper and eat and apply it all over the body. This will remove any poison caused by insect bites.

23. Applying Leucus flower, moonbeam flower, Tamarind flower, beech flower, sesame flower, long pepper in the eyes will cure vision issues. Eye vision becomes clearer.

24. Mix 500 ml of leucus juice with 500ml of coconut oil and apply them to the body frequently. This will cure scars, sores.

25. Make powder of leucus root, turkey berry root, elm seed waste and use it as smokeless tobacco for snuffing. This will cure headaches, runny nose, and diseases of the head.

26. Grind Leucus leaf, Acalypha Indica leaf, False daisy leaves and eat daily to cure diseases and mental disorders in the body. Immunity will increase. We can live without disease.

Use the leacus flower, leaves going forward and stay with a healthy life.